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The Effects of Leadership Styles on Employee Performance: a Case of a Selected Commercial Bank in Botswana Image
Journal article

The Effects of Leadership Styles on Employee Performance: a Case of a Selected Commercial Bank in Botswana

Purpose: The leadership phenomenon is fundamental in providing employees with direction and emotional indulgence to derive maximum effort out of them. Therefore, it is vital that an organisation places uninhibited emphasis on the appropriate leadership style to enhance employee performance. Premised on the Collaborative Leadership Model, this paper sought to extricate the nexus between leadership style and employee performance at a selected bank in Botswana, focusing on the transactional, transformational, and participative leadership styles. Research methodology: The study adopted a positivist research paradigm coupled with a survey research design, while a quantitative methodology was used to collect data through a self-administered questionnaire. The study population comprised 433 employees from which a sample of 200 was randomly selected. Data was analysed through the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS), culminating in statistical techniques such as factor analysis, regression analysis and Analysis of Variance (ANOVA). Results: The results of the study revealed that there was a significant utilisation of the participative, transformational, and transactional leadership styles at the selected commercial bank. However, while the use of the participative and transactional leadership styles had a positive and significant influence on employee performance, the transformational leadership style's effect was insignificant. Limitation:  The study only used quantitative data from employees for analysis and did not include bank leaders' opinions. Contribution: The study contributed to the expansion of the body of knowledge on leadership style and employee performance in the banking sector in Botswana and elsewhere and helped to unmask the shortcomings of some styles while exposing the power of others in reaping positive reinforcements leading to enhancement of employee performance. Keywords: Leadership, Leadership style, Employee performance, Participative leadership, Transformational leadership, Transactional leadership
The Effect of Supply Chain Management Challenges on Research and Development Projects Using Fuzzy DEMATEL and TOPSIS Approach Image
Journal article

The Effect of Supply Chain Management Challenges on Research and Development Projects Using Fuzzy DEMATEL and TOPSIS Approach

Purpose: This paper aimed to identify, classify and prioritize supply chain management challenges for research-development projects in the R&D organization.Research Methodology: Based on previous literature and interview with related experts, the initial challenges of SCM for research-development projects in Iran organization were extracted. Thereafter, the identified challenges were finalized, classified, and prioritized. For this purpose, a semi-interview and questionnaire were designed, applied, and then analyzed using some statistical methods. Validation of the results was done through several interviews. Finally, the necessary modifications were made to the factors of environmental sustainability associated with the COVID-19 crisis. Results: In this study, the challenges of SCM for research-development projects in Iran organization were divided into six categories: cultural, motivational, contextual, process, infrastructural, and capabilities. Thereafter, suggested solutions were presented which describe how the challenges of SCM in research-development projects may be removed progressively. Limitations: This research is only described in project-based organizations. The study was limited to construction projects in different cities of Iran.Contribution: The prioritized challenges of SCM are a guideline for managers or decision-makers of R&D projects which will enable them, resolve challenges or improve on decision making. It also serves as a useful base for researchers to expand further research concerning the challenges of SCM in other research-development organizations. This study may present high value for researchers in the SCM field for research-development projects. Also, this study presents several solutions for the improvement of challenges considering the level of their importance to SCM.
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Providing A Lean and Agile Supply Chain Model in Project\u002Dbased Organizations Image
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Providing A Lean and Agile Supply Chain Model in Project-based Organizations

Purpose: One of the differences between project-oriented and routine organizations is the difference in their supply chain. This leads to the use of distinct and new approaches to its management. In this article, according to the existing problems, a conceptual model of lean and agile supply chain in project-oriented organizations is presented by examining the lean functions and agility of supply chain discussion. Research methodology: This research is descriptive-analytical in terms of method and applied in terms of purpose. This study's statistical population includes all managers and supply chain experts of project-based organizations and the statistical sample includes 105 people who have been selected using a purposive sampling method. After presenting the conceptual model, a researcher-made questionnaire was used to collect information and to examine the intended model, the structural equation approach with PLS software was used. Results: The research findings indicate that the 114 identified items for the research model significantly explain their related components. The results of the model fit study showed that based on the convergent validity indices, Cronbach's alpha and Cronbach's alpha, and the subscription validity index and the exponential or redundancy validity index, the model is in the desired condition. Limitation: This research only described Knowledge Based Centre. Contribution: Organizations realised that relying on existing knowledge alone was not enough to compete in a competitive environment, and went beyond the boundaries of their organization to acquire knowledge. Organizations considered customers as a very useful and knowledgeable resource, and activities should be done to interact with customers in leading organizations. Keywords: Customer assisted knowledge production capacity, Customer capital, Intellectual capital, Knowledge management
Elements Influencing the Success of Human Resource Information System Image
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Organizational Cynicism and Employee Performance: Evidence From A Sri Lankan Audit Sector Image
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The Development of Human Resources in the University of Dili, Timor\u002DLeste (a Rector\u0027s Policy Study) Image
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The Development of Human Resources in the University of Dili, Timor-Leste (a Rector's Policy Study)

Elements Influencing the Success of Human Resource Information System Image
Elements Influencing the Success of Human Resource Information System Image
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Organizational Cynicism and Employee Performance: Evidence From A Sri Lankan Audit Sector Image
Organizational Cynicism and Employee Performance: Evidence From A Sri Lankan Audit Sector Image
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Organizational Cynicism and Employee Performance: Evidence From A Sri Lankan Audit Sector

The Development of Human Resources in the University of Dili, Timor\u002DLeste (a Rector\u0027s Policy Study) Image
The Development of Human Resources in the University of Dili, Timor\u002DLeste (a Rector\u0027s Policy Study) Image
Journal article

The Development of Human Resources in the University of Dili, Timor-Leste (a Rector's Policy Study)

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Disaster Management Of Malaka District Government In Flood Disaster Management

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