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Application of Hierarchical Method and Fuzzy AHP\u002DTOPSIS Method for Multi\u002Dcriteria Decision Making in Financing Image
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Application of Hierarchical Method and Fuzzy AHP-TOPSIS Method for Multi-criteria Decision Making in Financing

Evaluation of Community Economic Building Movement Policy in East Flores Regency Image
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Evaluation of Community Economic Building Movement Policy in East Flores Regency

A Snap on Quality Management in Zimbabwe: a Perspectives Review Image
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A Snap on Quality Management in Zimbabwe: a Perspectives Review

Evaluation of Community Economic Building Movement Policy in East Flores Regency Image
Evaluation of Community Economic Building Movement Policy in East Flores Regency Image
Journal article

Evaluation of Community Economic Building Movement Policy in East Flores Regency

A Snap on Quality Management in Zimbabwe: a Perspectives Review Image
A Snap on Quality Management in Zimbabwe: a Perspectives Review Image
Journal article

A Snap on Quality Management in Zimbabwe: a Perspectives Review

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The Effects of Leadership Styles on Employee Performance: a Case of a Selected Commercial Bank in Botswana Image
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The Effects of Leadership Styles on Employee Performance: a Case of a Selected Commercial Bank in Botswana

Purpose: The leadership phenomenon is fundamental in providing employees with direction and emotional indulgence to derive maximum effort out of them. Therefore, it is vital that an organisation places uninhibited emphasis on the appropriate leadership style to enhance employee performance. Premised on the Collaborative Leadership Model, this paper sought to extricate the nexus between leadership style and employee performance at a selected bank in Botswana, focusing on the transactional, transformational, and participative leadership styles. Research methodology: The study adopted a positivist research paradigm coupled with a survey research design, while a quantitative methodology was used to collect data through a self-administered questionnaire. The study population comprised 433 employees from which a sample of 200 was randomly selected. Data was analysed through the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS), culminating in statistical techniques such as factor analysis, regression analysis and Analysis of Variance (ANOVA). Results: The results of the study revealed that there was a significant utilisation of the participative, transformational, and transactional leadership styles at the selected commercial bank. However, while the use of the participative and transactional leadership styles had a positive and significant influence on employee performance, the transformational leadership style's effect was insignificant. Limitation:  The study only used quantitative data from employees for analysis and did not include bank leaders' opinions. Contribution: The study contributed to the expansion of the body of knowledge on leadership style and employee performance in the banking sector in Botswana and elsewhere and helped to unmask the shortcomings of some styles while exposing the power of others in reaping positive reinforcements leading to enhancement of employee performance. Keywords: Leadership, Leadership style, Employee performance, Participative leadership, Transformational leadership, Transactional leadership
The Effect of Supply Chain Management Challenges on Research and Development Projects Using Fuzzy DEMATEL and TOPSIS Approach Image
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The Effect of Supply Chain Management Challenges on Research and Development Projects Using Fuzzy DEMATEL and TOPSIS Approach

Purpose: This paper aimed to identify, classify and prioritize supply chain management challenges for research-development projects in the R&D organization.Research Methodology: Based on previous literature and interview with related experts, the initial challenges of SCM for research-development projects in Iran organization were extracted. Thereafter, the identified challenges were finalized, classified, and prioritized. For this purpose, a semi-interview and questionnaire were designed, applied, and then analyzed using some statistical methods. Validation of the results was done through several interviews. Finally, the necessary modifications were made to the factors of environmental sustainability associated with the COVID-19 crisis. Results: In this study, the challenges of SCM for research-development projects in Iran organization were divided into six categories: cultural, motivational, contextual, process, infrastructural, and capabilities. Thereafter, suggested solutions were presented which describe how the challenges of SCM in research-development projects may be removed progressively. Limitations: This research is only described in project-based organizations. The study was limited to construction projects in different cities of Iran.Contribution: The prioritized challenges of SCM are a guideline for managers or decision-makers of R&D projects which will enable them, resolve challenges or improve on decision making. It also serves as a useful base for researchers to expand further research concerning the challenges of SCM in other research-development organizations. This study may present high value for researchers in the SCM field for research-development projects. Also, this study presents several solutions for the improvement of challenges considering the level of their importance to SCM.
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The Development of Human Resources in the University of Dili, Timor\u002DLeste (a Rector\u0027s Policy Study) Image
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The Development of Human Resources in the University of Dili, Timor-Leste (a Rector's Policy Study)

Purpose: This research aims to obtain a description of the policy of developing human resource educators at the University of Dili in accordance with applicable academic regulations. Research methodology: The method used in this research was a descriptive qualitative method. Six respondents were determined as research samples. The research instruments for this study were interview guides, notebooks, recording devices, test books and researchers. Data collection was done through interview method and the data was analyzed by referring to Miles and Huberman's Intractive model framework. Results: there are some efforts to develop the human resources of educators in universities such as sending of teaching staff to continue their education and various policies that enable the development of educators' human resources. Some factors that influence the development of human resource educators in universities are the organizational structure, organizational policies, allocation of funds, the level of educators' education and the participation of educators in support for the development of human resources Limitations: this research only discusses the development of educators as human resources at the University of Dili and various factors that influence it. Contribution: This research was conducted to answer problems related to the management of development for educators as  human resources at the University of Dili and what factors influence the development of teaching human resources at the University of Dili Timor-Leste Keywords: Development, Human resource, Educator
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